Knowledge of tradition,
advantages of technology
Ireland has a rich tradition of pasture farming
and its breeding industry is still one of the most important industries today.
State-of-the-art technology and knowledge of tradition contribute to the growth of
a large and healthy cattle population: in 5 million hectares of pasture live 122,00 herds,
with an average of 53 heads of livestock per herd.
The appearance of their powerful musculature is known as “double musculature.” The double musculature phenotype is an inherited condition resulting from the increased amount of muscle fiber (hyperplasia) rather than a normal enlargement of individual muscle fiber (hypertrophy).
This breed has a larger capacity for converting feed into lean muscles, which results in special types of low fat meat. Belgian Blue takes its name from the blue-gray patches on its coat, but the color can vary from white to black. It is a tender and tasty meat with an exceptionally low amount of fat.
The Belgian Blue breed is the result of passionate selection while respecting the natural growth and development of the animal, raised according to traditional methods and fed only on hay and farm produce.
As adults, the most beautiful specimens weigh up to 1,100 kg, with a 66% yield at slaughter.
Aberdeen Angus is one of the most famous cattle breeds in the world.
Its coat has short black hair. Black pigmented mucosae and skin.No horns and prominent sinciput. The animals have a short stature (short limbs) but heavy weight (females: 7-7.5 quintals; males: 10-11 quintals). Small head, fine skeleton, deep and wide chest. Soft and supple skin.
Resistant to UV rays and can sustain infestations from Diptera and worms.
Excellent adaptability to grazing.
Good fertility and longevity.
Very few problems at delivery.
High quality meat (tender and tasty), with high fat content.
The coat is a creamy white or off-white color. The mucosae are a depigmented rosy color. The head is small and short, especially in males, with a wide forehead. Big eyes, medium sized and motile ears. Cylindrical trunk and excellent hindquarter development.Short, yellowish horns with forward facing black tips. Massive animals with excellent development of the muscular masses and a medium stature Female live weight: 7-9 quintals; male life weight: 12-13 quintals. Cows nurse the calves after delivery and milk production is sufficient until weaning (6-7 months).
Exceptional adaptability to different breeding conditions. Scarce resistance to sunlight (depigmented skin).
Excellent characteristics for (high quality) meat production. In Italy, Charolaise cattle are used for the production of calves aged 16-18 months with live weight of 600-650 kg.
The coat is a vivid fawn color, not too bold, lighter in the ventral and perineal regions. Discolored halo around the eyes and muzzle. Mucosae of a rosy depigmented color. Lighter colored, forward facing horns of medium length. Sturdy, energetic, tough and rustic animals. Medium height and high average live weight (females: 6.5-8 quintals; males: 10-12 quintals).
The famous “veau de boucherie” (white meat calf) is of Limousine breed. It has high precocity, yielding a high amount of lean meat at the youngest age. For this reason, it has an essential role industrial crossbreeding for the production of fattening subjects, destined for slaughter at a few months old. Bulls are used in industrial crossbreeding to obtain high yield F subjects. The newborn calves are small but grow quickly.
The meat quality is very good, with a fine grain and non-coarse fibers.
The coat is a more or less intense red color with a white head. White spots at throat, dewlap, belly, neck-withers-shoulders. Rosy depigmented muzzle. The stature tends to be short, but the animals are massive (female live weight: 8 quintals; male live weight: 12-13 quintals). Light skeleton covered with large muscular masses. Short and thin limbs. Forward and downward oriented short, yellowish horns. There are polled subjects, for example, without horns.
Very suitable breed for pasture farming (fattens quickly and easily). Good fertility and longevity. Very few problems at delivery.
Plentiful production of high quality meat (often with excessive fat content).